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Birth of Ishmael
Abram's wife Sarai had not borne him any children. She had an Egyptian slave-girl by the name of Hagar.
16:2 Sarai said to Abram, 'God has kept me from having children. Come to my slave, and hopefully I will have sons through her.' Abram heeded Sarai.
16:3 After Abram had lived in Canaan for ten years, his wife Sarai took Hagar the Egyptian her slave, and gave her to her husband Abram as a wife.
16:4 [Abram] came to her, and she conceived. When she realized that she was pregnant, she looked at her mistress with contempt.
16:5 Sarai said to Abram, 'It's all your fault! I myself placed my slave in your arms! Now that she sees herself pregnant, she looks at me with disrespect. Let God judge between me and you!'
16:6 Abram replied to Sarai, 'Your slave is in your hands. Do with her as you see fit.' Sarai abused her, and [Hagar] ran away from her.
16:7 An angel of God encountered her by a spring in the desert, in the oasis on the road to Shur.
16:8 [The angel] said, 'Hagar, maid of Sarai! From where are you coming, and where are you going?'

'I am running away from my mistress, Sarai,' she replied.

16:9 The angel of God said to her, 'Return to your mistress, and submit yourself to her.'
16:10 [Another] angel said in God's name, 'I will grant you many descendants. They will be so many that they will be uncountable.'
16:11 [Still another] angel of God said to her, 'You are pregnant, and will give birth to a son. You must name him Ishmael, for God has heard your prayer.
16:12 He will be a rebel. His hand will be against everyone, and everyone's hand will be against him. Still, he will dwell undisturbed near all his brothers.'
16:13 [Hagar] gave a name to God who had spoken to her, [saying], 'You are a Vision God,' for she said, 'Didn't I [still] see here after my vision?'
16:14 She therefore named the oasis, 'Oasis to Life my Vision' (Be'er LaChai Ro'i). It is between Kadesh and Bered.
16:15 Hagar bore Abram's son. Abram gave the name Ishmael to his son, who had been born to Hagar.
16:16 He was 86 years old when Hagar bore his son Ishmael.

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